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Having Fun with China Statistical Database
——A Guide to Statistical Database

To speed up the construction of modern service-oriented statistics, and to better serve the community, on the basis of "China Statistical Database" created in 2008, the National Bureau of Statistics(NBS) established a new statistical database in 2013. Here you can not only query the time series data of major indicators in various specific fields provided by NBS, you can also create personalized statistical charts according to individual needs; Not only can you browse numerous statistical yearbooks, you can also use the modern visualized statistical products.

We always strove to meet users' needs. We have made sustained efforts to provide more comprehensive, more diverse, more convenient statistical services. We hope that the new statistical database can satisfy your wants, and also look forward to your participation and feedback.

 I. Data You Can Access

National Statistical Database contains six types, nearly 8 million data which include monthly data, quarterly data, annual data, regional data, census data, and international data.

Monthly data provide indicators such as consumer price index (CPI), industrial production price index (PPI), retail price index, above-scale industrial production, investment in fixed assets, investment in real estate development, total retail sales of consumer goods, foreign trade, transportation, telecommunications, purchasing managers Index (PMI), finance, and banking.

Quarterly data include indicators such as gross domestic product (GDP), agriculture, industry, construction, income and expenditure of urban residents, income and expenditure of rural residents, fixed assets price index, and producer price index of agricultural products.

Annual data offer indicators covering 27 areas, such as GDP, population, employment and wages, etc.

Regional data are main economic indicators of 31 provinces (autonomous regions and municipalities) as well as some cities.

International data provide many countries' monthly and annual data of some major indicators such as GDP.

In addition, the database also offers links to the statistical sections in some China's government websites. You can check main statistical data of those departments.

 II. The Main Functions of New Database

(I) Browse Topics

Database provides a browse topics function implemented by the "theme - index classification - table" form. According to the needs, you can select the corresponding theme and target group. The table could be generated quickly. Meanwhile, you can select time to search the related time series.

(II) Data Maps

In order to facilitate a more intuitive understanding of data distribution characteristics of China's provinces, the database provides data maps feature. Select "Data Maps" under the "Regional Data", you can query main data and distribution of various regions.

(III)Visualization Experience

Data can talk with the aid of visualization technology. Under every statistical field you can open some default charts which attract wide concerns. In visualization section, you can experience more interactive statistical data which help you observe the change more directly.

(IV) Publications

Publications are important carriers to record statistical data. Under "Publications" section, you can find statistical materials published by NBS, such as China Statistical Yearbook since 1996, Statistical Communiqué, International Statistical Yearbook and the BRICS Countries Joint Statistical Manual.

(V) Little Housekeeper - Release schedule

In order to facilitate users to get the release dates and achieve the latest data on time, the "Release schedule" column is arranged on the home page, in the form of a calendar with the specific marked dates. The update will also be displayed so that you use the latest data quickly.

(VI) "SouShu" App

How can you put massive data into your pocket? Download mobile app "SouShu", then you can search huge amount of data provided by NBS via your mobile phone.

 III. Personalized Use

While sufficing users' general needs, in order to better satisfy the personalized wants, NBS database provides data management, table management, chart management, convenient management and other functions, you can manage the data and even share and build your own data files according to your requirements.

(I) Data Management – Query Data and Recalculation

Want to conduct a simple calculation on the data result? You can realize it without downloading data. Data Management provides simple calculation, filter and statistics on query page where you can perform all the operations. Using simple calculations, you can calculate the proportion of structural indicator data; using filter, through setting certain conditions on the indicators, you can pick out the qualified data results; "Statistics" provides some basic functions like sum, mean, max, min, median, mode, variance, and standard deviation.

(II) Management of Forms – Build "My" table

Management of Forms and Advanced Search features provide users with functions to select indicators based on individual needs, which can meet personalized wants. Management of Forms includes functions like edit, dimension conversion, and transpose. With the help of "edit" function, users can edit the data tables queried from the database and select the desired indices (or remove unwanted indices) to generate a new table. Using Advanced Search, users can filter statistical indicators among different statistical fields to tabulate or plot, so as to achieve a multi-disciplinary, cross-tabulation in any combination.

(III) Chart Management – To Visualize Data

New database provides four kinds of patterns, pie chart, column chart, scatter plot, and bar chart. Users can simply place the digitized query statements into visualized charts.

(IV) Convenient Management

In addition to the above features, you can also collect, download, copy and print query results. Through "Favorites" to collect query results, you can view them at any time, eliminating the tedious multiple queries. Download function provides Excel, WPS Spreadsheets, CSV, XML and PDF formats to ease your subsequent applications in data processing.

 IV. Explanation of Data in Statistical Database

(I) Data Coverage

National statistical indicators involved in the database don't contain data from Hong Kong Special Administrative Regions (SAR), Macao SAR and Taiwan Province except for administrative divisions, land area, forest resources and precipitation. Hong Kong SAR and Macao SAR are a part of the overall national statistics. According to the relevant principles of the PRC Hong Kong Basic Law and Macao SAR Basic Law, Hong Kong, Macao and the mainland are relatively independent statistical regions. Based on their different statistical systems and legal requirements, they conduct statistical work independently.

(II) Data Sources

In the database, import and export data are collected from General Administration of Customs; foreign investment data from the Ministry of Commerce ; financial data from the Ministry of Finance ; resource and environmental data from the Ministry of Land Resources, Ministry of Environmental Protection , Housing and Urban-Rural Development, Ministry of Agriculture , Ministry of Water Resources, State Forestry Administration, National Weather Service, State Oceanic Administration and other departments; transportation data from the Ministry of Transport , Railway Corporation, China Civil Aviation Administration and other departments ; telecommunications data from the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology, National Post; travel data from the National Tourism Administration; financial data from the People's Bank , the SAFE , CBRC , CSRC and CIRC; education data from the Ministry of Education; science and technology data from the Ministry of Science and Technology, the State Intellectual Property Office, AQSIQ, Earthquakes Administration, National Administrative of Surveying, Mapping and Geoinformation and other departments; health and social services data from the Ministry of Civil Affairs and NHFPC; cultural data from the Ministry of Culture , the State Press and Publication Administration of Radio; sports Data from the State Sports General Administration; social security data derived from the Ministry of Human Resources and Social Security; GDP, agriculture, population, employment, wages , industry, energy, investment in fixed assets, real estate development and investment, construction, wholesale and retail, accommodation and catering, price index, urban and rural residents' income and expenditure and other data from the National Bureau of Statistics.

If you need to check more detailed statistical data of various departments, you can directly click data links of those departments.

 V. Statistical Standards and Statistical Systems

(I) National Statistical Standards

When using the database, you can view statistical data classified by industries and registration types. Those are statistical standards. Statistical data have to follow some standards and rules to conduct surveys so as to ensure the scientific reliability and preciseness of data.

What are statistical standards?